Farms and Trulli in Apulia
Farms of Apulia as they were in the past
There are many different types of farms in Apulia, especially from the architectural point of view. The three ancient provinces of the past – Capitanata, Terra di Bari and Terra d’Otranto – are dotted with buildings of different sizes and production possibilities ranging from “modest residences consisting of two rooms, with improvised pens for cattle ranching” to “structures created by assembling an infinite range of elements: the houses, the yard, the stables, the jazzo, the warehouses where to store food, seeds and tools , the cellar, the oil mill, the cisterns, the oven, the church, the hen house, the garden, the orchard, the barn, granaries, etc. “*.
In the royal farms there were always the curtis, mainly intended for rearing of fowl and swine and as partial integration of day care spaces of homes, the domus, the residence of the owners and inhabitants of the farm, and the casalinum, which served as a warehouse, stable etc.
The typical building with chianche (stone slabs) positioned in concentric circles – the trullo – characterizes our farms in a unique and distinctive way. The presence of very similar and more recently erected buildings in Cameroon and Syria shows the spread of a model that has made us famous worldwide.
The historic farms in Ostuni and in Salento
Even in the region of Ostuni we have a trullo sovrano, i.e. with two floors (the “subbrane” is, in the local dialect, the accommodation on the first floor): this magnificent building, unique in this area and which has nothing to envy to its more famous counterpart in Alberobello, belongs to the Satia farm, built in the mid of the 17th century. The Carestia farm, on the contrary, dates back to the 18th century and is named after the aridity of its soil. Surrounded by a long wall, it has a small church and a small collection of antique carriages.
Salento is rich in historic buildings, mainly from the Baroque period, and places of interest to visit. To know where to go, from the Olère farm, discover what’s nearby.
*Luigi Mongiello, Le Masserie di Puglia, organismi architettonici ed ambiente Territoriale, Mario Adda Editore, Bari 1984